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雅思阅读标题配对题的解题思路浅谈

发布者:网络  来源:网络 日期:2014-12-29 21:38:36 点击次:276

 标题配对题(List of headings)是雅思阅读中的一种重要题型,要求给段落找小标题。它一般位于文章之前,由两部分组成:一部分是选项,另一部分是段落编号,要求给各个段落找到与它对应的选项,即表达了该段中心思想的选项。有时还会举一个例子。当然,例子中的选项是不会作为答案的。

  解题思路:
 
  1.将例子所对应的选项及段落标号划去
  2.划出选项中的关键词及概念性名词
  3.浏览文章,抓住各段的主题句和核心词(尤其是反复出现的核心词),重点关注段落首句、第二句与末句
  4.与段落主题句同义或包含段落核心词的选项为正确答案
 
  例一
 
  原文:
  The changing demographics will not only affect selection ratios. They will also make it increasingly important for organisations wishing to maintain in their competitive edge to be more responsive and accommodating to the changing needs of their workforce if they are to retain and develop their human resources. More flexible working hours, the opportunity of work from home of job share, the provision of childcare facilities etc., will play a major role in attracting and retaining staff in the future.
 
  答案:Heading: The effect of changing demographics on organisations(段落第二句为段落主题句,而第一句起承上作用。注意:在not only…also结构中,not only部分承上,also部分启下,为段落主题所在)
 
  例二
 
  原文:
  While the Inuit may not actually starve if hunting and trapping are curtailed by climate change, there has certainly been an impact on people's health. Obesity, heart disease and diabetes are beginning to appear in a people for whom these have never before been problems. There has been a crisis of identity as the traditional skills of hunting, trapping and preparing skins have begun to disappear. In Nunavut's 'igloo and email' society, where adults who were born in igloos have children who may never have been out on the land, there's a high incidence of depression.
 
  答案:Heading: Negative effects on well-being(段落第一句为段落主题句,其中while引导的从句表示让步,起承上作用,后面的主句there has certainly been an impact on people's health为本段的中心所在)
 
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